Our spine is composed of 33 vertebrae, 23 intervertebral discs and a set of nerves and ligaments. The intervertebral disc is composed of a pulpy nucleus and an annulus fibrosus of mucopolysaccharide material that gives it a gelatinous appearance and is located between each intervertebral space. The herniated disc is the exit of this intervertebral disc towards the spinal canal, compressing the nerves and ligaments that are in the area; herniated discs are divided in 4 stages, according to the degree of output.
They are the output of the disc into the spinal canal, causing pain and sensory disturbances such as numbness, cramping and tingling. In most cases, they are produced by improper lifting of objects, accidents, overweight, bad posture habits and falls.
It is important to note that every 1 of 3 disc herniation surgeries fail, which means that the patient is left with persistent symptoms, and consequently continues experiencing the same pain. The risks range from infection, bleeding, fibrosis, among others.
Moreover, the high cost of spinal surgery during your hospital stay and the sometimes lengthy rehabilitation period are factors that should make surgery your last resort.